Proverbs 9:17. It is as though it was dead. It is a general truth, which he presently applies to his own case. The words διὰ τῆς ἐντολῆς, by the commandment, may be taken with the preceding clause, ‘taking advantage of the commandment.' See also Proverbs 9:17, “Stolen waters are sweet, and bread eaten in secret is pleasant.” If such be the effect of the Law, then the inference of the apostle is unavoidable, that it is not adapted to save and sanctify man. And a wife is bound to her husband only as long as he lives, Romans 7:2, Romans 7:3. "Then sin, taking occasion, wrought in me by the commandment all manner of concupiscence; for without the law sin is dead.". Ed. . In explaining his position in Romans 7:5; he shows: That the law reaches to all the branches and latent principles of sin, Romans 7:7. the corruption of our nature, the depraved bent and bias of the soul, called before lust. Concupiscence - Unlawful or irregular desire. By feeling the curse and condemnation of the law, the impenitent sinner is excited to hate the law and to hate God. Yet it is holy, just, and good, Romans 7:12. Cæterum legis indicio proditis tot peccati formis, universa cupiditatum cohors irritata prohibitione cœpit acrius ad peccandum sollicitare.’ Compare also Proverbs 9:17, and (Wetst.) "Commentary on Romans 7:8". We must beware of understanding with Beza the verb ἦν, was: "Without law sin was dead." Thus, the fruit presented to Eve was the exciting cause of sin; the wedge of gold to Achan excited his covetousness. Sin took the law as a base of operations. 8. This verse identifies sin in the human heart as the primary cause of violating God's law; but, in the sense of multiplying violations, the law itself is an ally of sin. It accordingly happens that many a man is more profane, blasphemous, and desperate when under conviction for sin than at other times. It becomes a distinct breach of law, where previously there had been no law to break. Wrought in me all manner of concupiscence] The more the law would dam up the torrent of sinful lusts, the higher did they swell. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". An attempt to restrain it by force; to denounce it by laws and penalties; to cross the path of wickedness; only tends to irritate, and to excite into living energy, what otherwise would be dormant in the bosom. 1. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". ii. Human nature being what it is, the very existence of law, given a rebellious heart in people, becomes the occasion of sin "abounding.". "Commentary on Romans 7:8". Comp. It was this which "he had not known but by the law." In favor of this is the fact, that the main idea of the passage is thus brought out. Every desire is, in accordance with the quite general οὐκ ἐπιθυμήσεις, to be left without limitation. For apart from the law sin was dead.. 8 But sin, “Sin” here is indwelling sin, the sin capacity or power to sin. 1999. 6:14; 7:4; Gal. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hdg/romans-7.html. Romans 5:13-14. without the knowledge of the law. See Additional Note, p. 218. διὰ τῆς ἐντολῆς. This is designed as a confirmation of the preceding declaration. The apostle adds, Without the law sin was dead: that is, without the knowledge and due consideration of the law, sin is comparatively dead: that is, the corruption of nature lies hid, and is not so much known to be sin; nor had it so much power to terrify the conscience, and to stir up inordinate affections, as after the law is known and duly considered. 1599-1645. That it subjected the sinner to death, Romans 7:8-12, without the expectation of pardon. Thus the apostle shows that the law had authority to prohibit, condemn, and destroy; but no power to pardon sin, root out enmity, or save the soul. Observe here, A concession or grant made by the apostle, that although the law was not the formal cause of sin, yet sin was an accidental event of the law, through the depravity and corruption of our natures; lust or concupiscence in us being stirred up more strongly, and breaking forth more violently in us, by being prohibited and restrained by the law. — Sin so constantly repeated here is in the singular number, meaning the sin- principle, i. e., original sin and not actual sin, which is in the plural. Learn hence, that such as either know not the word and law of God, or do not duly consider it, have very little sense of inward pollution. What . BibliographyVincent, Marvin R. DD. ἡ ἁμαρτία] as in Romans 7:7, not conceived as κακοδαίμων (Fritzsche); nor yet the sinful activity, as Reiche thinks; for that is the result of the ἐπιθυμία (James 1:5), and the sin that first takes occasion from the law cannot be an action. All humans stand condemned under the Law (cf. Sonship Through the Spirit. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/wen/romans-7.html. Here, Romans 7:11; 2 Corinthians 5:12; 2 Corinthians 11:12. Taking occassion by the commandment; i.e. Greek: tois men kath hupomonen ergou agathou doxan kai timen kai aphtharsian zetousin (PAPMPD) zoen aionion,. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/romans-7.html. [For more on brothers and sisters, see commentary on Romans 1:13. See 2 Corinthians 5:12; Galatians 5:13; 1 Timothy 5:14. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ain/romans-7.html. Dr. Waterland translates the clause, Sin, taking Advantage. 7 y “Blessed are those whose lawless deeds are forgiven, and whose sins are covered; 8 blessed is the man against whom the Lord will not z count his sin.” He felt evil desire, but he did not know the evil of it; he did not consider that the law tried the heart and its workings, as well as outward actions. The occasion which called these forth in the mind of Paul was the Law crossing his path, and irritating and exciting the native strong inclinations of the mind. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". 1863-1878. 7, iii. ἡ ἁμαρτία throughout the passage is treated as a concrete force or power. American Tract Society. Generally, resources, as means of war, capital in business. Some critics make the words διὰ τῆς ἐντολῆς, by the commandment, dependent on the participle λαβοῦσα, having taken. There is therefore now no condemnation: The simple declaration of no condemnation comes to those who are in Christ Jesus. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". Commentary on Romans 8:10-17 (Read Romans 8:10-17) If the Spirit be in us, Christ is in us. A. We must connect διὰ τ. ἐντ. i. It accordingly happens that many a man is more profane, blasphemous, and desperate when under conviction for sin than at other times. So then, brothers, we are debtors, not to the flesh, to live according to the flesh. 1859. E. There have been four major theories about how to interpret chapter 7. if it do not enter into relation with the law, sin, the sinful principle in man, is dead, i.e. August 27, 2017. 3, ‘Quod licet ingratum est, quod non licet acrius urit:’ and ib. To the same effect, Olshausen: "Aus der allgemeinen sündhaften natur des Menschen geht die ἐπιθυμία prava concupiscentia, als erste Äusserung hervor und dann folgt erst die That." Anyone may have witnessed this effect often on the mind of a wicked and obstinate child. Charles Schribner's Sons. That meant that he delighted in love, in … Restraint by law rouses the mad passions; urges to greater deeds of depravity; makes the sinner stubborn, obstinate, and more desperate. λαβ. For until the Law comes on the scene sin is able to continue its work unnoticed. 2 Through him we have also c obtained access by faith 2 into this grace d in which we stand, and e we 3 rejoice 4 in hope of the glory of God. It was not confined to one single desire, but extended to everything which the Law declared to be wrong. The law (as before) is not the cause of sin, though by accident it is the occasion of it. Publisher. The law showed us what *sin is. The man"s will rebels, and his rebellion is aroused still further by threats: Speed Limit Strictly Enforced. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Sin, taking occasion by the commandment -. 23,) “Parricides began with the law.” Thus, Horace (Odes, i. It was not confined to one single desire, but extended to everything which the Law declared to be wrong.Concupiscence - Unlawful or irregular desire. Romans 7:8. Chapter 6. This expression, far from signifying that it did not exist, proves, on the contrary, its presence, but, virtually, like the germ of a disease still slumbering, which the least circumstance may cause to break out so as to bring the malady to the acute state. By the commandment - By all law appointed to restrain and control the mind. Romans 7 New American Standard Bible (NASB) Believers United to Christ. Translation of Romans. Taking occasion - The word "occasion" ἀφορμὴν aphormēn properly denotes any material, or preparation for accomplishing anything; then any opportunity, occasion, etc. If it be asked in what way the Law led to this, we may reply, that the main idea here is, that opposition by law to the desires and passions of wicked men only tends to inflame and exasperate them. The Apostle Paul uses the comparison of being married until death parts them and they are legally free to remarry to that of being freed from the law and the penalty of it because “the law is binding on a person only as long as he lives” (Rom 7:1b). "Commentary on Romans 7:8". Thus, Horace (Odes, i. Far from us be such a thought." https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsc/romans-7.html. The Expositor's Greek Testament. well explains the νεκρά,—‘Quum ante legem proditam (but see below) quædam peccata nescirem, quædam ita scirem, ut mihi tamen licere putarem, quod vetita non essent,—levius ac languidius sollicitabatur animus ad peccandum, ut frigidius amamus ea, quibus ubi libeat potiri fas sit. To want other people’s possessions is a *sin. 1840-57. The law forbidding every unclean thought, and covetous desire of unlawful objects, sin took an occasion through these prohibitions to work in him, stir up and excite concupiscence, evil desire after all manner of things forbidden by the law; hence it is clear that not the law, but sin, is exceeding sinful: for without the law sin was dead; not that, before the law of Moses was given, sin lay dead and unexerted, for during that interval between Adam and Moses sin was, and lived and reigned, and death by it, as much as at any other time; but when the apostle was without the law, that is, without the knowledge of the spirituality of it, before it came with power and light into his heart and conscience, sin lay as though it was dead; it was so in his apprehension, he fancied himself free from it, and that he was perfectly righteous. Romans 1:32 Commentary. Upon reaching Romans 7, Paul has magnificently defended the doctrine of salvation from sin by grace without the deeds of the law. This is the case with regard to sin in every form. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ges/romans-7.html. See note on 2 Corinthians 5:12; 2 Corinthians 11:12; Galatians 5:13 for απορμην aphormēn a starting place from which to rush into acts of sin, excuses for doing what they want to do. To the extent that he had light*, he delighted in the law of God in the inward man. Used only by Paul. BibliographyWhedon, Daniel. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/romans-7.html. (Luther and many others, including Reiche, Köllner, Olshausen, Philippi, Maier, and Ewald), because ἀφορμ. 1. But for this, the effect here described would not have existed. ‘That this may be and is misused by the principle of sin, in the way indicated, arises from the fact, that it comes forward merely with the outward command (thou shalt, thou shalt not), without giving the power of fulfilment’ (Meyer). The commandment of itself does not produce this result; it is sin which, so to speak, trades upon the commandment for its own profit. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/romans-7.html. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/romans-7.html. (1) It crosses the path of the sinner, and opposes his intention, and the current of his feelings and his life. "wrought in me"-"produced in me" (NASV); "to arouse in me" (TCNT); "stirred up within me" (Mon). 8 ThereisthereforenownocondemnationforthosewhoareinChristJesus.12 ForthelawofhtheSpiritoflifeiha… Romans 8:7. 2 For the woman who has a husband is bound by the law to her husband as long as he lives. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hal/romans-7.html. κατειργ. "Commentary on Romans 7:8". BibliographyJamieson, Robert, D.D. comparatively dead. Thus it is true that "through the commandment," as a secondary cause, all manner of violations are multiplied. St. Thomas’s Commentary on Romans, the first in his series of majestic commentaries on Paul’s letters, stands out among commentaries on Paul’s letters, both ancient and modern, as uniquely ample and refined. BibliographyAbbott, John S. C. & Abbott, Jacob. (Romans 7:25.) Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament. For without the law sin (was) dead. (Doddridge. ISBN-10. Paul means, according to him, that the law manifested the various lusts already present. I hence wonder what could have come into the minds of interpreters to render the passage in the preterimperfect tense, as though Paul was speaking of himself; for it is easy to see that his purpose was to begin with a general proposition, and then to explain the subject by his own example. Other Forerunner Commentary entries containing Romans 7:8: Romans 10:1-3 Romans 7:7 : Romans 7:9 >> The Berean: Daily Verse and Comment Sign up for the Berean: Daily Verse and Comment, and have Biblical truth delivered to your inbox. Romans 5:13. Hodge's Commentary on Romans, Ephesians and First Corintians. 7, 8. It becomes a struggle for victory; in the controversy with God he re solves not to be overcome. Schott), lies the point of the relation. (chart taken from Anders Nygren's Commentary on Romans, translated by Carl C. Rassmussen, p. 268) D. The Law with its decrees was a death sentence. 1. The word επιθυμια, which we render concupiscence, signifies simply strong desire of any kind; but in the New Testament, it is generally taken to signify irregular and unholy desires. A law to her husband as long as he lives, Romans 7:8.., produced evil: ‘ sin wrought all manner of concupiscence for those who hunger and thirst after.... It may take occasion, wrought in me all manner of concupiscence ;.. Pit of his desire to rush forward: that was there before derivative. 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