For the juvenile justice process, the law enforcers are the ones who govern the youth offenders as they perform social service duties. Most states created their own juvenile courts in the following decades. 19 No. The juvenile justice system was established on the principle of individualized justice and focused on rehabilitation of youthful offenders. Progressive Era Juvenile Justice. Reestablishing a historical bond, social workers reemerge in the juvenile justice system as it shifts from a midcentury punitive approach back to its protective roots. This was soon to be the fastest growing segment of the juvenile justice population of girls under the age of 18. 27. The system is composed of a federal and many separate state, territorial, and local jurisdictions, with states and the federal government sharing sovereign police power under the common authority of the United States Constitution. The American juvenile justice system is the primary system used to handle minors who are convicted of criminal offenses. 4 CHAPTER 1 A Brief Historical Overview of Juvenile Justice and Juvenile Delinquency juvenile delinquents by placing them as apprentices or indentured servants for farmers and shop owners (Roberts, 2004a). T. he juvenile justice system has a long history of shifting paradigms from rehabilitating to punishing those considered wayward, troubled, or delinquent children. In the early days, most juvenile justice … The Juvenile Justice System had a notable event in the latter part of 1800. These “reformatories” housed kids considered to be “juvenile delinquents” (see “Key Dates,” below). INTRODUCTION. That period was considered the time of “progressive era, a discontentment period wherein extensive social reforms,” (Einstein Law, Inc. , 2006,¶ 2) stretched out from 1900 up to 1918 for nearly a century. The process continued to remain focused on individual rehabilitation, although funding and resources continued to hinder its success (CJCJ, 2014). Juvenile Justice Journey — Social Work Role Returns in New Era of Reform By Christina Reardon, MSW, LSW Social Work Today Vol.  Social workers or juvenile justice officers are responsible in giving detention to the offenders and put them in certain institutions and rehabilitations that will help them enhance their way of livings. The third stage was the Juvenile Court Period (1899-1960) it came about during the Progressive Era or Age of Reform and it was believed by reformers that children were a product of their environments so, it was the parents’ duty to raise obedient and hardworking children. While due process protections were consid-ered important, they were considered secondary in importance given the court’s emphasis … In early 1825, there was a significant push to establish a separate juvenile justice system focused on rehabilitation and treatment. Although the idea that the law should treat minors differently from adults predates the American Revolution, juvenile justice itself is a Progressive Era invention. Chapter 2 THE HISTORY OF JUVENILE JUSTICE AND TODAY’S JUVENILE COURTS . Its creation marked the beginning of the modern-day juvenile justice system. Juvenile justice has proved to be as reactive as it is proactive. 5 P. 12. By the late 1800s many social reformers were involved with prisons, juvenile delinquency, and reformatories (Gibelman, 1995). 17 of the juveniles executed since 1976 committed their crimes before they turned 18. The juvenile justice system in the United States is experiencing a social movement aimed at responding to the mental and emotional problems of delinquent youths. The anti-crime sentiment of the period caused changes to be implemented to the juvenile justice system that made it increasingly similar to the adult (criminal) justice system. By 2001 of the 38 states that authorized the death penalty 18 had established and age of 16 as a minimum age, 5 had set it at 17 and 15 set it at 18. In 1899, the first juvenile court opened in Illinois.
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