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In 1904-5, Kolchak saw combat in the Russo-Japanese War, commanding his own destroyer with some distinction. Reluctantly, Kolchak accepted the British suggestions and with a heavy sense of foreboding, he returned to Russia. This Russian Revolution site contains articles, sources and perspectives on events in Russia between 1891 and 1927. The hardships endured in these polar expeditions left Kolchak with rheumatism and occasional poor health for much of his life. 4 November] 1874 – 7 February 1920) was an Imperial Russian admiral, military leader and polar explorer who served in the Imperial Russian Navy and fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War. Posts about Alexander Kolchak written by ianmoore3000. There he presente… He became an important White army commander during the Russian Civil War, declaring himself supreme commander of all non-Bolshevik Russia in November 1918. Alexander Kolchak was one of the White leaders during the civil war that followed the November 1917 Revolution. Alexander Kolchak (1874-1920) served as an admiral in the Imperial Navy. During World War I, Kolchak was promoted to vice-admiral given command of the Black Sea fleet. Alexander Kolchak was born on 16 Nov 1874 in the village of Alexandrovskoye in the suburbs of St. Petersburg in the famil… Within a fortnight, Kolchak had been sentenced to death. He joined the Russian Imperial Fleet and saw service during the Russo-Japanese War in Port Arthur – a port that was to fall to the Japanese. In 1911, he was promoted to the Naval General Staff and at the start of World War One he was the captain of the flagship of the Baltic Sea Fleet. During the spring and summer of 1919 Chapayev took part in military operations against the White armies of the "Supreme Ruler of Russia", Alexander Kolchak, in the Volga region and South Urals. Personality assessment Kolchak is one of the most controversial and tragic pages of Russian history of the 20th century. Peace is descending on Western Europe but in Russia the civil war between the Bolsheviks and their opponents continues. This left Kolchak in a form of limbo. Such leadership provoked a negative response from those who were supposedly loyal to Kolchak. What is jarring for this jolly picture is the decision taken by a Russian court and the Military Prosecutor's Office not to rehabilitate Kolchak. The lack of an effective leader and diplomat in the trying times of the Russian Civil War was a major contributing factor in the defeat of his forces but was not the only reason for the failure of the White forces. Arriving in Omsk, Siberia, en route to enlisting with the White Movement. "History of Russia in 100 Minutes" is a crash course for beginners. Kolchak was an admiral in Russia’s navy and had been a follower of Alexander Kerensky and his Provisional Government that governed before the Bolshevik takeover. A Russian naval commander, polar explorer and head of the anti-Bolshevik fight during the Russian Civil War, Aleksandr Kolchak is undoubtedly one of the most controversial figures of Russian history. In 1900, he participated in two expeditions to the Arctic Circle. Alexander Kolchak was one of the White leaders during the civil war that followed the November 1917 Revolution. He then became the commander of the Black Sea Fleet. In 1918, Kolchak travelled to Tsaritsyn, a city on the Volga river in southern Russia. Aleksandr Kolchak was born in the village of Aleksandrovskoye, near Saint Petersburg. Alexander Kolchak was born in St. Petersburg.He took part in the polar expedition of Eduard Toll and joined the Russian Navy. In November 1918, he became its supreme leader following a coup d’etat carried out by Cossack officers and backed by the British. Alexander Kolchak is a prominent military commander and Russian statesman, a polar explorer. Kolchak began the war as the commander of the Russian Imperial Black Sea Fleet. In documents submitted to the Militar… Alexander Kolchak. This year marks the 100th anniversary of the end of the confrontation between the Red and White movements in the Civil War on the territory of the European part of the country — after the Red army captured the Crimea in November 1920, the White movement remained the opponent of the Bolshevik power only in the Far East. In the spring of 1917, Kolchak was urged by conservative elites to seize control of the government, rule as a quasi-dictator and crush the Bolsheviks and the Petrograd Soviet. Kolchak supported the February Revolution and the Provisional Government but he opposed the government’s military reforms, believing they weakened discipline and structure. Russian Revolution memory quiz – events 1907-1916, Russian Revolution memory quiz – events 1917, Russian Revolution memory quiz – events 1918-1924, Russian Revolution memory quiz – revolutionaries, Russian Revolution memory quiz – tsarists, Russian Revolution memory quiz: concepts (I), Russian Revolution memory quiz: concepts (II), Russian Revolution memory quiz: events 1906 to 1913, Russian Revolution memory quiz: events 1914 to 1916, Russian Revolution memory quiz: events to 1905. In this connection, it was not accidental that in 2012, the opening of the Center for Studying the History of the Civil War in Omsk was in the mansion of the merchant Batyushkin, a house that, from December 1918 to November 1919, was the personal residence of the Supreme Ruler, Admiral Alexander Vassilyevich Kolchak. Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak (Russian: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к, 16 November [O.S. Alexander Vasilyevich was born on November 16, 1874 in a suburb of Petersburg into the family of hereditary noblemen. Kolchak, being the principal leader of the Russian White Army during the civil war, quickly became the nation's first president in 1922. He became an important White army commander during the Russian Civil War, declaring himself supreme commander of all non-Bolshevik Russia in November 1918.Kolchak was unable to unite the disparate White forces, however, due to his brutal methods and unwillingness to tolerate other political groups. Kolchak took part … Alexander Kolchak : biography 16 November 1874 – 7 February 1920 Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak ( 4 November (16 November) 1874 – 7 February 1920) was a polar explorer and commander in the Imperial Russian Navy, who fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War. Kolchak became a supporter of Kerensky’s Provisional Government. The film opens during the production of War and Peace at Mosfilm Studios in 1964. Kolchak was captured by the Bolsheviks and executed. He offered his services to the Royal Navy, which they accepted. It contains 179,175 words in 288 pages and was updated on October 10th 2020. After the outbreak of war initially on the flagship Pogranichnik, Kolchak oversaw the laying of extensive coastal defensive minefields and commanded the naval forces in the Gulf of Riga. Alexander Kolchak, the son of a major-general of the Marine Artillery, was born in St Petersburg in 1873. Kolchak was appointed Supreme Ruler. On January 4th, 1920, Kolchak handed control of his army to General Anton Denikin. Alexander Kolchak Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak KB ( Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к ; 0[O.S. Title: “Alexander Kolchak” From here, Kolchak could have launched an attack on Moscow itself, combining his attack with one by the British. Kolchak was unable to unite the disparate White forces, however, due to his brutal methods and unwillingness to tolerate other political groups. Aleksandr Vasilyevich Kolchak, (born Nov. 4 [Nov. 16, New Style], 1874, St. Petersburg, Russia—died Feb. 7, 1920, Irkutsk, Siberia), Arctic explorer and naval officer, who was recognized in 1919–20 by the “Whites” as supreme ruler of Russia; after his overthrow he was put to death by the Bolsheviks.. At the outbreak of World War I, Kolchak was flag captain of the Baltic fleet. Kolchak would establish an authoritarian military dictatorship composed of military officers of the Russian White Army as well as conservative monarchist politicians of the former Russian Empire. Date published: May 1, 2019 History Learning Site Copyright © 2000 - 2020. The Black Sea fleet descended into political chaos after the onset of the 1917 February Revolution. URL: https://alphahistory.com/russianrevolution/alexander-kolchak/ During the Russian Civil War, he established a reactionary […] Under Kolchak’s leadership, the White forces achieved some notable military gains, particularly in the first months of 1919. These are the sources that most directly deal with Kolchak, besides innumerable secondary sources and summaries of the Russian Civil war too long to list for a longer view. Kolchak graduated with an officer’s commission in 1894. Admiral (Адмиралъ) is a 2008 film by Andrei Kravchuk.It is a Biopic of Admiral Alexander Kolchak, Imperial Russian admiral and later a White commander in the Russian Civil War.. He participated in the Russo-Japanese War, the First World War, and the Russian Civil War. He was arrested and handed to a Left SR contingent. Kolchak was greatly admired by the British and French, who viewed him as the Russian most capable of uniting the disjointed White armies. In particular, he managed to anger the Czechoslovak Legion who controlled the Trans-Siberian Railway. The Allied intervention in north Russia was partly intended to link up with Kolchak, but his regime was corrupt and unpopular and he lost the support of his most formidable force of 40,000 former Czech and Slovak prisoners of war and deserters, known as ‘the Czechoslovak Legion’. In August 1916, Kolchak became the youngest vice-admiral in the Russian Navy – a reward for his success in defending the coastal region of Russia around the Baltic. He joined the Russian Navy and served in Vladivostok (1895-1899). On his arrival at Petrograd, Kolchak was invited to a meeting of the Provisional Government. Publisher: Alpha History Copyright: The content on this page may not be republished without our express permission. When Alexander Kerensky became aware of these plots, Kolchak resigned his commission and embarked on a study tour of the United States. The Russian Civil War was a large conflict over the former Russian Empire.The collapse of the Russian empire in 1917 triggered a complex series of interlocking conflicts that lasted into the 1920s and are estimated to have cost 13 million lives, mostly civilian victims of famine and of the massacre and depredation practiced by all sides in the Civil War. Aleksandr Vasil'evich Kolchak was a Russian admiral and political figure. For more information, visit our FAQ page or Terms of Use. Kolchak’s domestic policies included a crackdown on soviets, the persecution of socialists and rival factions, the acknowledgement of foreign debts and the return of private property such as land and factories. Heartily recommended reading, especially for it's timeline of the multiple Russian revolutions and assassination attempts on the czarist officials leading up to 1917. Kolchak was relieved of command of the fleet in June and traveled to Petrograd (St. Petersburg). As their Supreme Ruler, Kolchak led the Whites in a fight to end Bolshevism, and free Russia and its people. An elderly Russian noblewoman is set to appear as a film extra until her past comes to light. During the civil war entered the historic Chronicles as the leader of the White movement. In January 1920, Kolchak was betrayed by Czech officers while travelling to British headquarters in Irkutsk. His first move was to replace the Provisional All-Russian Government with a military dictatorship. Under Russian law he remains a criminal - just as he was judged in 1920 when captured by Siberian revolutionaries, who found him guilty - without a formal trial - of the killing of thousands of workers and peasants who had revolted against his authority. Admiral Alexander Kolchak was a true patriot of Russia and a hero to those of the White forces during the Russian Civil War. Kolchak was born in 1874 in the city of St. Petersburg. This site is created and maintained by Alpha History. Kolchak led the White Army movement that attempted to regain control of Russia from the Bolshevik Red Army during the Russian Civil War of 1917 – 1923. Citation information Kolchak graduated from the Naval Cadet Corps in 1894. There, he arrived for the Conference of Tsaritsyn, where some 300 influential Russia… After interrogation, Kolchak was shot and his body dumped in the Angara River on February 2nd, 1920. In this position, Kolchak gained superiority over the Turkish Navy by mining large areas of the Sea of Marmora and by bombarding the coastal defences established by the Turks in the region.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-4','ezslot_3',114,'0','0'])); In July 1917, a Sailor’s Soviet removed Kolchak from his position in the Russian Navy. Alexander Kolchak was born on 16 November 1874 in Saint Petersburg … During the Russian Civil War, he established an anti-communist government in Siberia—later the Provisional All-Russian Government—and was recognised as the "Supreme Leader and Commander-in-Chief of All Russian Land and Sea Forces" by the other leaders of the White movement from 1918 to 1920. Kerensky sent Kolchak as Russia’s naval attaché to America to study the US Navy. Initially he was successful at a military level, taking the city of Perm and advancing to the Volga. Admiral Essenwas not satisfied to remain only on the defensive and ordered Kolchak to prepare a scheme for attacking the ap… In return, the Allies provided Kolchak’s regime with vast amounts of food and military supplies. He was one of the leaders of the White movement in eastern Russia and was proclaimed Supreme Ruler. Those military figures in this government forcibly removed the Socialist Revolutionaries and took full control of the White government in Omsk. [January 8th, 1920] In the Russian Civil War Admiral Alexander Kolchak, nominally the leader of the Whites (since Nov. 1918), is defeated at Krasnoyarsk and withdraws across Siberia to Irkutsk, where his Czech allies hand him over to the Bolsheviks. Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak KB (Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к; 16 November 1874 – 7 February 1920) was an Imperial Russian admiral, military leader and polar explorer who served in the Imperial Russian Navy, who fought in the Russo-Japanese War and the First World War.wikipedia Alexander Kolchak (16 November 1874-7 February 1920) was the dictator of the Provisional All-Russian Government and commander of the White Army during the Russian Civil War.Formerly an Imperial Russian Navy admiral, Kolchak led opposition to Bolshevism and the Red Army, but he was captured and executed in 1920. Alexander Kolchak (1874-1920) served as an admiral in the Imperial Navy. Alexander Vasilyevich Kolchak KB (Russian: Алекса́ндр Васи́льевич Колча́к; 16 November [O.S. He was captured during the battle for Port Arthur and released by the Japanese in 1905. He … For more information on usage, please refer to our Terms of Use. At their urging, Kolchak returned to Russia after the October Revolution to lead the struggle against the Bolsheviks. Kolchak Oleksandr Vasylyovych – an outstanding military leader and statesman of Russia, polar Explorer. Kolchak was an admiral in Russia’s navy and had been a follower of Alexander Kerensky and his Provisional Government that governed before the Bolshevik takeover.eval(ez_write_tag([[580,400],'historylearningsite_co_uk-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',129,'0','0'])); Kolchak was born in 1874 in the city of St. Petersburg. 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