Behind the tomb is the statue known as the Madonna del Sasso (Madonna of the Rock) so named because she rests one foot on a boulder. Linda E. Cambridge, MA. The thickness of the dome varies from 6.4 metres (21 ft) at the base of the dome to 1.2 metres (3.9 ft) around the oculus. Grazie per le tue mani che consacrano, benedicono, accompagnano, curano. Nato come casa di tutti gli dei nel 27 A.C e nel tempo divenuta la Basilica di Santa Maria ad Martyres, ad oggi rappresenta una perfetta sintesi di eternità e contemporaneità. Please: pantheon-rome.com is an independent guide website. " However, archaeological excavations have shown that the Pantheon of Agrippa had been completely destroyed except for the façade. While this building helped buttress the rotunda, there was no interior passage from one to the other. ", The only passages referring to the decoration of the Agrippan Pantheon written by an eyewitness are in Pliny the Elder's Natural History. The large bronze doors to the cella, measuring 4.45m wide by 7.53m high, are the oldest in Rome. , The dome photographed with a fisheye lens in 2016, South east view of the Pantheon from Piazza della Minerva, 2006, The dome of the Pantheon seen from the hill of Janiculum, Tomb of King Victor Emmanuel II, "Father of his Country", As the best-preserved example of an Ancient Roman monumental building, the Pantheon has been enormously influential in Western architecture from at least the Renaissance on; starting with Brunelleschi's 42-metre (138 ft) dome of Santa Maria del Fiore in Florence, completed in 1436. Piazza della Rotonda – 00186 – ROMA. The confraternity continued to draw members from the elite of Rome's artists and architects, and among later members we find Bernini, Cortona, Algardi, and many others. Feb 8, 2018 - Explore Yvonne Boone's board "Doors of Italy", followed by 272 people on Pinterest. The final niche on this side has a statue of St. Evasius (Sant'Evasio) (1727) by Francesco Moderati. Nel 608 l’imperatore Foca lo donò a papa Bonifacio IV e venne trasformato in chiesa con il titolo di Santa Maria ad Martyres. This discordance has not always been appreciated, and the attic level was redone according to Neoclassical taste in the 18th century.. The marble interior has largely survived, although with extensive restoration. 766 reviews. Cassius Dio, a Graeco-Roman senator, consul and author of a comprehensive History of Rome, writing approximately 75 years after the Pantheon's reconstruction, mistakenly attributed the domed building to Agrippa rather than Hadrian.  It seems likely that the Pantheon and the Basilica of Neptune were Agrippa's sacra privata, not aedes publicae (public temples). Vi invitiamo quindi a tenere un comportamento adeguato e a mantenere il silenzio.  Thus, it was necessary to either drag them or to move them on rollers to the construction site. ... Basilica di Santa Maria ad Martyres (Pantheon) Санта-Мария-ад-Мартирес (Базилика Святой Девы Марии Мученицы) Church 609 to 2014: 1405 years. On 23 July 1725, the Pantheon was established as Cardinal-deaconry of S. Maria ad Martyres, i.e. av kejsar Hadrianus och ersatte då, troligen med den arkitekturintresserade kejsarens medverkan,  en tidigare tempelbyggnad, som konsuln Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa hade låtit uppföra år 27 f.Kr., Pantheon brukades sedan 600-talet som kyrka under namnet Santa Maria ad Martyres. The two plaques commemorate Maria Bibbiena and Annibale Carracci. Most of the bronze was used to make bombards for the fortification of Castel Sant'Angelo, with the remaining amount used by the Apostolic Camera for various other works. The Pantheon is in use as a Catholic church. As a result of excavations in the late 19th century, archaeologist Rodolfo Lanciani concluded that Agrippa's Pantheon was oriented so that it faced south, in contrast with the current layout that faces north, and that it had a shortened T-shaped plan with the entrance at the base of the "T". Building work began on the cathedral in 1296, although it was not consecrated until 1436.  This reduced the weight of the roof, as did the elimination of the apex by means of the oculus.. Basilica di S. Maria ad Martyres – PANTHEON. 5.8K likes. A competition was held to decide which architect should design it. The height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same, 43.3 metres (142 ft), so the whole interior would fit exactly within a cube (or, a 43.3-m sphere could fit within the interior). When Pope Boniface IV took over the Pantheon, he removed everything non-Christian. Type: Minor Basilica, Cardinal Deaconry (former), Rectory church. It might have been the original name of the building, but a useful historical corrective is given by this timeline: Pagan temple in the years 125 to 395: 270 years. Gode del rango di basilica minore ed è l'unica basilica di Roma oltre a quelle patriarcali ad avere ancora un capitolo. Among those buried there are the painters Raphael and Annibale Carracci, the composer Arcangelo Corelli, and the architect Baldassare Peruzzi.  These were thought to be a 15th century replacement for the original, mainly because they were deemed by contemporary architects to be too small for the door frames. The epigraph was written by Pietro Bembo. La dos estructuras se unen mediante un vestibulo rectangular.  The former would help explain how the building could have so easily lost its original name and purpose (Ziolkowski contends that it was originally the Temple of Mars in Campo) in such a relatively short period of time.. Beautiful doors, Cool doors, per il dono della tua vita 's ``... 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