Space 20' circle. Italian stone pine tree growing requires little water or fertilizer. Needles … If you do decide to prune or trim the tree, this should be accomplished in the winter season, basically October through January. This is usually a short-lived tree, rarely surviving for much more than 100 years. It is sensitive to environmental disturbance and difficult to regenerate. You can readily identify sugar pine trees by their massive trunks and large, asymmetrical branches. This tree is famous for its production of large, oily seeds, loved world-wide as pine nuts, or pinea in the Latin language, hence the species name. Hardy to USDA plant hardiness zone 8, this pine doesn’t tolerate lower temperatures happily. Description. While it may take years for your tree to produce pine cones, you can collect the cones off the ground and place them in a warm, sunny location until they open and expose the nuts. Nancy Nehring—iStock/Thinkstock Coulter pines, native to the mountains of southern California (U.S.) and Baja California (Mexico), produce the most-massive cones of any pine species. The species is an archaeophyte (unrecorded introductions by early man) throughout the Mediterranean, and more recently has been naturalized in South Africa — Cape province and in other regions with Mediterranean climates, such as California. COLOR: Medium Green For information about our privacy practices, please visit our website. Next, a tropical South American plant (Ananas comosus) that produces the familiar juicy delicacy (resembling superficially the pine tree's cones) was called the Pineapple plant. Italian Stone Pine thrives in coastal sandy areas. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Sugar pines, P. lambertiana, have gigantic cones loaded with good nuts, but good luck getting to them before squirrels do. Gardeners around the world are growing Italian stone pine trees. A tree 12-25(35) m tall, trunk often short and commonly slightly sinuous. Their horizontal branches can crack and break when they are coated with ice. Cone seeds are edible. Italian Stone Pine Boething Treeland Farms grows over 1,200 varieties of trees, shrubs, perennials and specialty plants on ten California nurseries to serve the wholesale landscape and nursery industries throughout the … The trees are drought and sea-salt tolerant, but susceptible to ice damage. It is said to be "impossible to determine its natural range." Key Features: Dark blue-green foliage; Evergreen; Excellent coastal tree; Attractive pine cones and edible seed . Once the tree is established, care for Italian stone pines is minimal. Sign up for our newsletter. If you are growing Italian stone pine trees, plant them in well-drained soil. RECOMMENDED HARDINESS ZONES: Ethnobotany. The cones grow up to 20 inches (50 cm.) In the stem line of the terrestrial plants, the first seeds evolved in the gymnosperms. Pine cone image by matko from Fotolia.com. ITALIAN STONE PINE. One of the few pines that grow well in alkaline soil. Hardy to USDA Zone 8 — cold hardiness limit between 10° and 20°F (-12.1° and -6.7°C). From decorating your homescape to shopping for friends and family, the Italian Stone Pine ticks all the boxes. 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Pinus pinea is also currently widely cultivated around the Mediterranean for environmental protection such as consolidation of coastal dunes, soil conservation and protection of coastal agricultural crops. It does not achieve its distinctive umbrella shape until maturity. Remove the stone pine from its original container and make a couple of vertical 1- to 2-inch-deep cuts into the root ball with a hand trowel to loosen the roots. Enjoy access to exclusive content, Conifer Database, garden visits, Conifer Q&A Forums, nursery tours with member discounts on unusual cultivars, scholarships for hort students and more. 8 (10 to 20 F / -6.7 to -12.2 C), HORTICULTURAL STATUS: RHS Accepted Genus Italian stone pine tree care does not include mandatory pruning. If you are wondering how to identify sugar pine, it is not very difficult once you know what you are looking for. Mature Height: 10-15m. Italian stone pine grows best in the drier regions in the American west. 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