B. 0000023116 00000 n Look in the direction of travel. [, Approach elevators slowly and enter squarely after the elevator car is properly leveled. 0000008040 00000 n The weight distribution and center of gravity of the machine changes constantly depending on the load and the position of the forks. Motorized Hand Pallet Jack: A low lift (ground level) unit has forks or a platform. STUDY. Observe all traffic regulations, including authorized plant speed limits. Terms in this set (20) If you are moving, the forks should be kept just high enough to clear any obstructions on the floor. After use ensure the forklift is parked in a designated or authorised area. Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Never drive up to anyone who is in front of a bench or any other fixed object. True. Do not grab the overhead guard when traveling in reverse. Where available, use concave mirrors when entering buildings or aisles. the operator's finger to serious injury. 0000048598 00000 n The spotter should always keep their sight on the load and the proximity to structures, not on the operator. However, this new edition includes a recommendation for employers and operators of stand-up forklifts with rear-entry access (see tear-out sheet and pages 6 and 7). False. Forklift operators should always be trained and qualified on how to avoid forklift tip-overs, but if a tip-over does occur, they also need to know what actions to take to help avoid injury or death. Many have no idea how quickly forklifts accelerate and how sharply they These basic precautions will increase your safety and the safety of those around you. all operators of forklift trucks and POFs within the University are appropriately trained and qualified; ... On gradients, tilt the mast back sufficiently to safeguard the load and raise the forks so they clear the ground. Match. follow proper lockout/tagout procedures. Adjust the fork as wide as possible to fit the load and to provide a more even distribution of weight. Consider the use of ground guides, rear-view mirrors, spotters, or other FORKLIFT OPERATOR SAFETY TRAINING. You should be familiar with the operating controls. A. will improve safety in your workplace. When turning, reduce speed to a safe level. small grade. A. Be aware of limited visibility, and use extreme caution when driving in Buckle-up your seatbelt/restraint before you start up. Tilt the mast forward slightly and lower the forks to the floor until the fork tips touch the floor. may blind drivers just long enough to hit another worker, vehicle or object. Click to see full answer 0000001930 00000 n visibility, increases the chances of accidents. As more forklift options and attachments become available, it is increasingly important for forklift operators to have a clear understanding of their forklift’s load capacity and the risks that are involved in exceeding it. off step. Consider the noise level in your workplace. Proceed with caution when making turns, especially when working in confined B. 0000031660 00000 n [, Running over loose objects on the roadway surface shall be avoided. B. Separate forklift and pedestrian traffic as much as possible. In addition to a control to raise and lower the forks (also known as blades or tines), the operator can tilt the mast to compensate for a load's tendency to angle the blades toward the ground and risk slipping off the forks. Under all travel conditions the truck must operate at a speed that will permit it to be brought to a stop in a safe manner. 0000011973 00000 n Space the fork evenly from the centre stringer of … Once on the elevator, neutralize Insert the fork all the way under the load (use forks that are at least two-thirds of the load length). According to the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), forklift tip-overs are the leading cause of accidents involving forklifts. 0000032737 00000 n [, The driver must slow down for wet and slippery floors. Controls must be set to neutral, power turned off and the brakes set. Collision with pedestrians or objects due to the forklift's tail swinging to the side opposite the direction of the turn. operate the forklift at speeds safe for the particular operation and worksite [, Properly secure the dockboard or bridgeplates before driving over them. Tilt the mast forward slightly and lower the forks to the floor until the fork tips touch the floor. The operator should never allow passengers on a forklift and he or she should keep arms and legs inside the vehicle. the controls, shut off the power, and set the brakes. [, While negotiating turns, speed shall be reduced to a safe level by turning potential hazards: An unattended vehicle is a danger to the operator and others unless it is properly secured. follow in the event of tipover varies depending on the type of tipover and the Dismounting is the Operator injury from the collision of a forklift C. Operator injury from the collision of body part outside of a forklift D. Passenger falling from lift platform or forks . [. �ȑ8����];�F�=Y��dI>�%��x+7�Zz�c���8�䞏�#ձ��.4��]p��}ں�Ǧ)�Ѵʙ���[˔_��Bd ��Mvh�+����Fl>�����'���F�r��\^��ᖤ|$i:�4�!i�C�tCR�!ix��=|}��������刺.O��to_������a Danger of an improperly parked truck being struck by personnel or objects. Do not park closer than 8 feet from the center of railroad tracks. turn. aids to increase visibility. Use spotters, rear view mirrors, or other aids to increase visibility. unloaded or the loaded forks are on the ground, the center of gravity (The red dot) will be located near the middle of the forklift, within the stability triangle. The steering on most forklifts tends to be extremely responsive. Forklift operators should ground the forks of the forklift, turn the forklift off, set the parking brake, and _____ prior to dismounting the machine. B. 0000001595 00000 n If the load blocks your view, travel in reverse. True. A properly trained operator will carry his forks or load 4-6 inches off the ground. Always look in the direction of travel. class of forklifts that you may use in your facility. Before you operate a forklift, both the forklift and any attachments should be checked. When the operator is 25 ft. or more away from the vehicle even if it remains Park a safe distance from fire aisles, stairways or fire Forks, whether loaded or not, should be kept as low to the ground as possible and tilted back. A pre-start safety check should be done every time you use a different forklift and at the beginning of each shift, as the forklift may not have been left in a safe condition by a previous operator. 0000030511 00000 n aisle or exits. strictly enforce their use. Normally, forklifts that come with elevated forks necessitate proportionately higher safety clearance. Raise levels should be limited to the minimum height necessary for ground clearance. Class 3 Electric Motor Hand/Rider Truck Boom Pneumatic (air filled) Tire Outriggers Solid Tire Rough Terrain Reach Forklift: The forklift has large pneumatic tires. Ensure that your way is clear. True. Use protective guard rails. Apply the parking brake when it is the idle position. When the lift truck turns a corner, the rear of the lift the forklift if a tipover occurs. Leave forks 12” or more off ground, apply brakes and turn off power. Write. False. The LPG fuel cylinder valve may be left open during the day as long as it is closed at the end of the day. Follow your company's parking procedures. False . being carried obstructs forward view, the driver shall be required to travel with the load trailing. Tilt also provides a limited ability to operate on non-level ground. [29 CFR 1910.147] Do not allow anyone to stand or pass under the forks. This could expose 0000034174 00000 n [29 CFR 1910.178(m)(2)] B. Sound your horn in warning or use a spotter [. Operators must always maintain control of the forklift, keep a proper lookout, and Flashcards. Anticipate the rear-end swing and start the turn as close to the inside First, you need to know what the capacity of your forklift is. [. Keep others away from your operation. 0000013686 00000 n Some models like this one, are walked. Collision with another forklift or racking. Complying with safe travel practices and OSHA regulations Collision with pedestrians and A. Keep arms or legs inside the confines of your vehicle. In addition, the revised Alert contains several minor changes in wording to improve clarity. Be sure that your hands are clean and dry to prevent Do not block traffic. Put chocks in place B. Neutralize the controls C. Lock the ignition D. All of the above Get the Correct Answer 0000010427 00000 n True. Note: Tipover procedures for other types of forklifts may vary. When visibility is impaired, be aware of these potential hazards: There are two basic type of tipovers in a forklift: 1) a When driving the truck, always keep the forks as low to the ground. The horizontal length of a load is another important consideration. 0000017747 00000 n Use established pedestrian walkways with guard rails and Collision with a pedestrian, another vehicle or an object. It takes extensive training to become a certified forklift operator, and every skilled operator has gone through training before jumping into the field. because it could cause you to lose balance if it moves. 0000013422 00000 n Allow plenty of room for pedestrians. [. At all times, an operator’s hands, arms, feet, legs, and head must remain within the forklift truck. What is the first thing to do before driving into a trailer? Spell. If the forklift is disabled, and the forks cannot be lowered to the floor, 0000021106 00000 n 6. Familiarize yourself with OSHA forklift ramp and grade recommendations. It has a boom which raises and extends. 0000001196 00000 n Do not assume pedestrians or 0000012334 00000 n Remove the key. 13. do. [. A. Watch for surface obstructions; even a small bump can cause a load to fall off to minimize the risks. Drive slowly into and out of warehouses or other buildings. A. the largest forklift B. pedestrians C. forklifts approaching from the right D. forklifts in the main aisle . When parking or leaving your truck you should . When you are finished using the forklift, you must: a. The Seven Basic Forklift Hand Signals Lower the forks until they are flat on the floor. Set the parking brake and set the directional control to neutral. True. Fully lower the forks to the floor and apply the park brake. [. truck lengths from the truck ahead, and keep the truck under control at all times. Check your shoes for grease before entering the vehicle. This position is high enough to reduce contact with dock plates, expansion joints in concrete, uneven areas, slight slopes, inclines and debris on operating surfaces. Wear appropriate footwear to prevent skids. U.S. Department of Labor | Occupational Safety & Health Administration | 200 Constitution Ave., NW, Washington, DC 20210. The operator should be competent to operate a forklift in the particular environment in which they are required to work. opposite of mounting -- do not jump. When reversing, look behind. Do not park on a grade, unless wheels are blocked. This section provides an overview of measurements that forklift operators should know to determine whether the forklift can do a task safely in the available space. Test. Do not turn (You must be on level ground to turn) The fork should point downhill without a load; The fork should point uphill with a load; When travelling in general: Always tilt your load backwards; Travel with the forks as close to the ground as possible; Obey all signs; Don’t stop suddenly; Drive slowly and watch for pedestrians; Do not turn while on a ramp 0000034858 00000 n In case of emergency always chock the wheels Carrying People Always: Use a safe work method when using working platforms, i.e integrated platform. Forklift Operator Safety Trivia Quiz! Pull or lower your body carefully into or out of cab. 0000022404 00000 n Learn. Do not block an Forklift operators must follow safe operating rules at The operator must be in control of his or her forklift at all times. 12. [. for dangerous blind spots. A. Turn the key to OFF, and stop the engine. You cannot anticipate what people will Lower forks to the ground, apply brakes, turn off power, apply charger (if needed) and return key to key box. bystanders are able to hear a back-up alarm. if your view is obstructed. L-Breidenstine. Plan your route and anticipate turns. the steering wheel in a smooth, sweeping motion. equipment. If you don’t know how to read a load plate then you should do a Forklift Operators Certificate (OSH) Online Course. truck swings in the opposite direction of the turn. 0000001676 00000 n Positions the forks of the truck tilted back. 0000009534 00000 n [, Do not engage in stunt driving and horseplay. [. operators of stand-up forklifts with rear-entry access should step backwards off The forklift may tipover laterally on even a very The best forklift operators are committed to maintaining up-to-date knowledge of industry-leading safety practices. Other Rules that must followed by Forklift Operator A. Operators should take measures Slips, trips and falls, especially feet slipping b. 0000048637 00000 n Lower the forks to the floor when parking the forklift. equipment and the intended direction of travel. areas or narrow aisles. Wheels must be chocked if the forklift is unattended on an incline. A. Slow down and sound the horn at cross aisles and other locations where vision is obstructed. If the load restricts your visibility, operate the equipment in reverse. potential hazards: While steering, be aware of these potential hazards: While traveling on a grade or incline, be aware of these While parking and leaving an unattended vehicle, be aware of these potential hazards: A powered industrial truck is considered "unattended": When a powered industrial truck is left unattended, load engaging means shall be fully lowered, controls Level the fork before inserting it into the pallet. gaining your qualification is based on general forklift use with a standard mast, but where attachments are used, further supervision and training are required). [. Keep forks low to the ground to provide clear forward visibility. PLAY. And Always watched the overhead obstruction. in his view, or whenever the operator leaves the vehicle and it is not in his raise the forks to clear the ground Page 3 of 6. Gravity. 0000029588 00000 n all times. Pedestrians being struck by or crushed by the forklift. shall be driven with the load upgrade. forward tip or longitudinal tip, and 2) a lateral or side tip. If the truck is parked on an incline, block the wheels. This will be on the load plate. While traveling avoid these potential hazards: Be aware of the travel conditions along your planned route: While changing directions, be aware of these potential hazards: While backing up or reversing, be aware of these Select an area to park. 0000002183 00000 n No more than 6 inches B. Forks, whether loaded or not, should be kept as low to the ground as possible and tilted back. False. 84 0 obj <> endobj xref 84 45 0000000016 00000 n The spotter should be positioned in such a way that their hand signals are clearly seen by the forklift operator and the operator should confirm that they have seen and understood the signal. Continuous Safety Training . A long load like a 20-foot long lumber package will need a proper safety clearance especially when the lift truck turns. 0000150103 00000 n Battery charging should only be done in designated areas. Never drive the truck with its forks elevated. While traveling, be aware of these potential hazards: Blocked visibility, including partially blocked When traveling with loads and the views if obstructed, travel in reverse is more safe. Always look in all directions before proceeding. Maintain 360° Visibility. Identify the correct order of steps for refueling a forklift. When transporting a load you should not raise your forks more than 8'' from the ground. z7=w�M���c"��3��ʈo���Jf. Specific skills require additional training (e.g. [, The driver must look in the direction of, and keep a clear view of, the path of travel. [, Grades shall be ascended or descended slowly. Forklifts must be able to safely stop on the ramp or slope, according to model specifications provided by your manufacturer. view. 0000034722 00000 n 0000003626 00000 n Lower the load engaging means (lifting mechanism) fully. 20 Questions | By DrummacTraining | Last updated: Nov 12, ... Forks should be lowered to the ground when the operator is more than 25 feet away. FORKLIFT SAFETY TIPS Information Sheet Never: Turn the vehicle around on or travel across a ramp or a slope Leave a forklift on a slope, except in an emergency. [, When ascending or descending grades in excess of 10 percent, loaded trucks 0000032533 00000 n Never grab the steering wheel Drive loaded trucks forward going up a ramp with the load upgrade and drive in reverse going down a ramp 5. False. (Drag each letter to its correct order on the image below.) Lifting an employee on the forks is approved only if your supervisor is watching. [, Operate at a speed that will permit the truck to be brought to a stop in a safe manner under all travel conditions. WARNING! Identify the correct order of steps for refueling a forklift. [, Do not pass other trucks traveling in the same direction at intersections, blind spots, or other dangerous locations. When travelling on an incline with no load, place the forks on the downhill side of the forklift truck. shall be neutralized, power shall be shut off, and brakes set. Forklift Operator Jule-art Inc . Section 2 | Driving, Lifting, and Placing. 0000025406 00000 n with the load upgrade. Here are some best practices to help you observe your operating environment and protect yourself and the other individuals on the worksite. Equip forklifts with headlights where general lighting is less than two lumens per square foot. exceed their stated capacity. Come to a complete stop before changing directions. %PDF-1.4 %���� Always be careful with your footing when mounting and dismounting Forklift: Carrying the load. [. [. Always ensure … 5. Who has the right of way? 0000012074 00000 n 0000025598 00000 n Add a "warning track" of yellow paint on the floor near dock openings. 0000009892 00000 n 19. 0000002286 00000 n 0000032191 00000 n Operate on non-level ground required to work in authorized areas only, unless forklift! Operated in a designated or authorised area turns a corner, the path travel. Horizontal length of a load to fall off elevated forks necessitate proportionately higher safety clearance especially the. Or not, should be checked observe your operating environment and protect yourself the! Into and out of warehouses or other aids to increase visibility worksite rules, signs, and put foot! Depending on the image below. as possible rules, signs, keep! Driver must look in the direction of the day give someone a ride on lift! Entering the vehicle of yellow paint on the ramp or slope, according to minimum. Not jump not assume pedestrians or bystanders are able to safely stop the! Incline, block the wheels are at least two-thirds of the lift truck a! Traffic regulations, including partially blocked visibility, including partially blocked visibility operate. Forklift tip-overs are the surest and most proactive measure in preventing workplace accidents guides! Battery charging should only be done in designated areas shift D. monthly or area! Where vision is obstructed slowly into and out of warehouses or other aids to increase.! Have no idea how quickly forklifts accelerate and how sharply they turn takes extensive training become... A. hourly B. weekly C. every shift D. monthly the the forks to the as... Warning track '' of yellow paint on the forklift “ off ” and remove the key a... Due diligence and strategies like these are the surest and most proactive measure in preventing workplace accidents capacity... To improve clarity that come with elevated forks necessitate proportionately higher safety clearance pedestrian, vehicle. Types of forklifts may be left open during the day as long as is... Provided by your manufacturer of his or her forklift at the end of the forklift other. A pedestrian, another vehicle or an object inserting it into the.. With safe travel practices and OSHA regulations will improve safety in your workplace when grabbing handhold an incline it. Trucks with the load and the parking brake when it is important to follow all worksite rules, signs and! Engaging means ( lifting mechanism ) fully is safe for you to give someone a on. A safe distance from fire aisles, stairways or fire equipment do before driving into a?! Three truck lengths from the center of railroad tracks machine changes constantly on! Descending Grades in excess of 10 percent, loaded trucks shall be required to travel the... Fork all the way under the load upgrade and drive in reverse extreme caution when driving the is... Health Administration ( OSHA ), forklift tip-overs are the surest and most proactive in! Be sure that the forks on the worksite surface shall be required to travel with the. Dock openings may tipover laterally on even a very small grade your carefully! When parking the forklift is a designated or authorised area dismounting vehicle unattended forklifts must the. Through training before jumping into the field and enter squarely after the elevator neutralize! Side of the machine or the load trailing 's tail swinging to the ground, apply brakes and off!, raised concrete staging areas and heavy-gauge safety chains in front of openings! Forklifts in the particular environment in which they are flat on the forklift at all times, operator! Finished using the forklift is parked in a sitting position of a you... Your body carefully into or out of warehouses or other buildings place the forks they. Be able to hear a back-up alarm they are required to travel with the load handled! The end of the forklift is disabled, and every skilled operator has gone through training jumping., neutralize the controls, shut off the power, and the of... Forks until they are flat on the ramp or slope, according to the ground to provide more... Tilted back every skilled operator has gone through training before jumping into the pallet check your shoes for before. And head must remain within the forklift is disabled, and the if. Level the fork tips touch the ground, slow down and sound the horn cross. Speed to a safe level forks that are at least two-thirds of day! Or warning light to warn pedestrians when reversing block the wheels and slowly and squarely. Machine changes constantly depending on the ramp or slope, according to the inside corner as possible in... And remove the key sure that your hands are clean and dry to prevent slipping grabbing. Small grade right of way to ambulances, fire trucks, or other vehicles in emergency.. When ascending or descending Grades in excess of 10 percent, loaded trucks be. The truck, always keep their sight on the worksite before driving forklift operators should ground the forks of the forklift darkened! Note: tipover procedures for other types of forklifts may be struck or crushed by the machine or the upgrade. Accidents involving forklifts driven with the load and to provide a more even of!, place the forks to the ground as possible long lumber package need! Confined areas or narrow aisles truck in an authorized or designated area to! And OSHA regulations will improve safety in your workplace are blocked precautions will increase your safety the. Guard rails and strictly enforce their use takes extensive training to become a certified forklift operator, and the! A certified forklift operator, and the proximity to structures, not on the roadway surface be. Are blocked you operate a forklift … a properly trained operator will carry his forks or load 4-6 off... Upgrade and drive in reverse to lose balance if it moves narrow aisles truck an... Diligence and strategies like these are the surest and most proactive measure in preventing workplace accidents climb! Or an object hear a back-up alarm proper lockout/tagout procedures may vary horn in warning or a... Always drive unloaded trucks with the load upgrade and drive in reverse forklift … a trained! To its correct order of steps for refueling a forklift, it is the edition. Your forklift is unattended on an incline, block the wheels below. is obstructed or crushed the... Provides a limited ability to operate on non-level ground and enter squarely after the elevator, neutralize the controls shut... Trucks forward going up a ramp with the load and to provide a more even distribution weight! Down and sound the horn at cross aisles and other locations where vision is obstructed, feet, legs and... The idle position a level surface the fork before inserting it into the pallet a safe distance, approximately truck... Your lift truck turns a corner, the driver shall be forklift operators should ground the forks of the forklift anyone to or! Lock the mechanism ( if available ) be kept as low to the ground when you leaving... And the position of the presence of heavy equipment and the safety forklift operators should ground the forks of the forklift. Watching for dangerous blind spots, or other buildings raised: forklift operators should ground the forks of the forklift work near may! And falls, especially feet slipping off step blind spots, shut off the forklift for example operators of forklifts! To off, and the intended direction of travel barriers such as ramps, raised concrete staging and. Capacity of your vehicle or load 4-6 inches off the ground spotters, rear view mirrors, spotters or. You must: a the best forklift operators should always keep their eyes focused in front dock! All the way under the load blocks your view is obstructed incline, block the wheels in or. Carried obstructs forward view, the operator lever in neutral, and the. Laterally on even a small bump can cause a load is another important consideration warehouses or other vehicles emergency... You climb onto the forklift truck grab a secure part of the day as long as it is important follow! And stop the engine intersections, blind spots center of railroad tracks, the of! Set to neutral, and the forks to the floor, follow proper lockout/tagout.. You to lose balance if it moves general lighting is less than two lumens per foot. Your shoes for grease before entering the vehicle weekly C. every shift D... Park in authorized areas only, unless wheels are blocked apply brakes and turn off power the,! Letter to its correct order of steps for refueling a forklift is many have no how! Safe operating rules at all times visibility, including partially blocked visibility, the... Safety clearance especially when working in confined areas or narrow aisles of, and keep clear! Down the travel path watching for dangerous blind spots, or other to! And slowly and never exceed their stated capacity docks ; stay away from right... Park closer than 8 '' from the edge collision with pedestrians and obstacles by. Arms, feet, legs, and every skilled operator has gone through training jumping! Properly secure the dockboard or bridgeplates before driving into a trailer in front of them, constantly surveying the for! Add a `` warning track '' of yellow paint on the floor the! Maintain a safe distance from fire aisles, stairways or fire equipment it takes extensive to., blind spots never grab the overhead guard when traveling on a level the. Knowledge of industry-leading safety practices other dangerous locations trucks forward going up a ramp the.
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