“Pennsylvania” actually means “Penn’s Woods,” referring to the holder of the founding colonial charter, William Penn. When the elder Penn died in 1670, his son inherited a large fortune, which he used to help other Quakers escape religious persecution in England. The pioneer era, during which the land was cleared, lasted from 1682 to the 1830s. Penn was granted the charter as a place for Quakers to settle. Today, Pennsylvania is a fantastic mix of urban demographics in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, and rural lifestyle where huge communities of Amish add a wild austerity to the mix. The Pennsylvania colony was officially established by a newly converted aristocratic Quaker, William Penn. William Penn founded the colony of Pennsylvania by Unknown. Discover more about Pennsylvania state history. The Province of Pennsylvania, also known as the Pennsylvania Colony, was founded by William Penn after receiving a land grant from Charles II of England in 1681. Even though Quakers held most of the influence in Pennsylvania, there was religious freedom which brought Quakers, Christians, Protestants, and Jews, and people from Wales, Germany, Holland, and France.This lead to a very mixed culture. Pennsylvania came into being in 1681 after the British monarch gave a land grant to William Penn. When Penn arrived in late 1682 to take up the governorship, he was pleased to see that the settlement had already prospered. The Pennsylvania Colony article provides important information and interesting facts at a glance via the fast Facts File about the Pennsylvania Colony including the date the colony were established, geography, history, the system of government, religion, trade and the economic activities in the Pennsylvania Colony. Read about Pennsylvania's founder, William Penn. The moderate climate, rich soil, and acres of land provide all the elements for a prosperous farm and optimal conditions for livestock. Pennsylvania came into being in 1681 after the British monarch gave a land grant to William Penn. They also had textile industries, sawmills, and gristmills. Pennsylvania Colony Culture The grand church in the middle of Pennsylvania and was free for any religion and they had free baptism for all. They sailed to join the British, Dutch, Swedes, and Finns who had already settled there. People from other colonies also settled land that would soon become part of Pennsylvania. Within 30 years, they had settled the valleys in the western part of the region. The King came up with the name "Pennsylvania," meaning "Forests of Penn," to honor the Admiral. EncyclopÃ¦dia Britannica. Following his victory at Fort Duquesne in 1758, British General John Forbes renamed the site Pittsburgh. It has a border with Ohio on the west, West Virginia on the south and west, Maryland and Delaware on the south, New Jersey on the east, and New York and Lake Erie on the north.. Penn was granted the charter as a place for Quakers to settle. Pennsylvania was one of the thirteen original U.S. founding states. William Penn died in England in 1718. Pennsylvania - Pennsylvania - Agriculture: Pennsylvania agriculture has been in a continuous state of change since the founding of the colony. Accessed 6/17/19. Culture Newspapers and magazines flourishes, as does law and medicine. Although the original colonies were given a general set of governmental guidelines from the British government, Pennsylvania set its own standards. “Pennsylvania” actually means “Penn’s Woods,” referring to the holder of the founding colonial charter, William Penn. Since the European settlement of Pennsylvania began in the mid 1600s in the southeast corner of the state, the earliest buildings are found in this region. The people of the Delaware counties were hostile to the union with Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission. Lastly, they had a very large shipbuilding industry with the resources such as the Pennsylvania Colony was not the first colony to offer religious freedom (Rhode Island Colony was the first) but it certainly played a role in their growth.William Penn allowed for religious freedom, … He received the land grant as payment for a personal debt owed by the king to his father. This ideology evolved into the birthplace of America, where the Founding Fathers gathered in Philadelphia to draft the Declaration of Independence and the first US Constitution. By clicking "Sign Up" or "Sign In with Facebook" I acknowledge and, 3 Ways to Get Wet and Wild in Myrtle Beach, 14 Landmarks That Should Be Considered World Wonders, These Are the Most Peaceful Countries on the Planet, Deserts in Bloom: 6 Spots for Springtime Wildflower Watching, Yoho National Park Is the Most Incredible Place You've Never Heard Of. This had a huge impact on the cultural demography of Pennsylvania, which remains today in Lancaster County, also known as Dutch Country. The colony of Pennsylvania had a mild climate with coastal plains, plateaus and mountains. Interesting Facts ; One of the original 13 colonies, Pennsylvania was founded by William Penn as a haven for his fellow Quakers. Under his guidance, Pennsylvania functioned smoothly and grew rapidly. The Best Travel, Food and Culture Guides for Pennsylvania, USA - Local News & Top Things to Do Accessed 6/17/19. Like so many other persecuted groups, they were drawn in by William Penn’s promise of religious freedom in his new land of Pennsylvania. Well before the Europeans showed up in America the Delaware and several other Native American tribes lived in what is today Pennsylvania. In 1737, colonial authorities claimed to have found a lost treaty from 1686 ceding a tract of Delaware tribal land between the fork of the Delaware and Lehigh rivers that extended as far as a man could walk in one and a half days. University of the West of England. The story of the Pennsylvania Amish community dates back to the 16th century Reformation in Europe, when the Anabaptist movement spurred the creation of three "plain" communities: the Amish, Mennonites and Brethren. However, in 1655 the Dutch took over the New Sweden settlement. The French and Indian War began in Pennsylvania in 1754. "The William Penn Treaty." The Delaware, or Lenni Lenape, occupied the Delaware valley; the Susquehannock were in the lower Susquehanna River valley; the Erie and various groups of the Iroquois Confederacy—Seneca, Cayuga, Onondaga, and Oneida—were in northern Pennsylvania. As William Penn was a Quaker, he encouraged certain religious groups to settle here which is why there is still such as strong Amish community in Lancaster County. The pamphlet described the proposed settlement in the New World. Penn considered his attempt a "Holy Experiment." His father, Sir William Penn, a senior naval commander during the first and second Dutch wars, introduced his son to King Charles II. Lastly, they had a very large shipbuilding industry with the resources such as the "The Walking Purchase." Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Accessed 6/17/19. Penn sought a colony in America—what he called a "holy experiment"—to protect himself and fellow Quakers from persecution. By 1685, its population was almost 9,000. "Chambers' Map from the Delaware to the Susuquehanna, 1685." Accessed 6/17/19. The Battle of Gettysburg basically turned the tide against the Confederate South, and today its national battlefield park is one of the most important in the world. Accessed 6/17/19. Pennsylvania colony culture and people; Pennsylvania colony and the United States; The state of Pennsylvania was originally a private land that was later transformed into a bustling colony. Because many colonists of differing beliefs were allowed to settle in Pennsylvania, the colony prospered. 53m ago Abigail Van Buren. Penn's goal with Pennsylvania was to create a colony that allowed for freedom of religion. Society, Schools, and Culture Society in the middle colonies was far more varied, cosmopolitan, and tolerant than in New England. Algonquian-speaking Delaware groups lived in the eastern river valleys. The climate and geography of colonial Pennsylvania was similar to that of the current state of Pennsylvania. It had many diverse people with different ethnicity. This rich ethnic diversity makes the state a fairly welcoming and tolerant place for visitors from any part of the world. The Society of Pennsylvania was based of Greece’s Society and was called Athens of America, because of its rich culture. Pennsylvania is one of the 50 states in the United States of America.It is in the northeastern part of the country. The Pennsylvania Dutch population arrived in droves between the late 1600s and the early 1800s to escape religious persecution in Europe. These 13 colonies were divided into three regions which included the New England Colonies, the Middle Colonies, and the Southern Colonies. Accessed 6/17/19. The settlement around Philadelphia experienced rapid growth. The Pennsylvania Colony was one of the 13 original colonies in America. Today visitors can admire 40 preserved buildings from this colonial era right in downtown Philly in the Independence National Historical Monument. Â© 2020 Small Planet Communications, Inc. + Terms/Conditions + 15 Union Street, Lawrence, MA 01840 + (978) 794-2201 + email@example.com, http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/214180/Treaties-of-Fort-Stanwix, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/pa-history/1681-1776.html, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/documents/1681-1776/chambers-map.html, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/governors/, http://www.phmc.state.pa.us/portal/communities/documents/1681-1776/walking-purchase.html, http://www.statemuseumpa.org/Potamkin/brother/part3.htm, http://xroads.virginia.edu/~CAP/PENN/pnplan.html, http://www.cems.uwe.ac.uk/~rstephen/livingeaston/. It was partially based on farming. Still, the colony prospered; they lived in great harmony with the Indians, and increased in numbers and wealth. 53m ago Abigail Van Buren. Our Colony's Culture Foundational Knowledge Chart Marketing Plan WELCOME TO THE PENNSYLVANIA PROVINCE CORPORATION DESCRIPTION: Pennsylvania was made mostly for religious freedom, and it was successful in that. At this point in time, Penn referred to himself as governor of the new colony, which he called the "Holy Experiment," and soon hoped to take up his duties in person. When first discovered by Europeans, Pennsylvania, like the rest of the continent, was inhabited by groups of American Indians, people of Mongoloid ancestry unaware of European culture. Much of the land was suited for farming. The Pennsylvania Colony included immigrants from England, German, Scotch-Irish, and African Americans. University of Virginia. "Pennsylvania Governors." Two years later the first American Constitution was drafted in this city as well. The Pennsylvania Colony is located near New Jersey, Delaware, and New York. Three of the fastest walkers in the colony were hired. The Pennsylvania Colony's landscape included mountains, coastal plains, and plateaus … As Philadelphia grew into a major political and economic center of … The Pennsylvania Colony was a royal colony. The state capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg.The largest city in Pennsylvania is Philadelphia. Cornelius Hendricksen, a Dutch captain, sailed up the Delaware River to where it met the Schuylkill River. It was partially based on farming. Architecture The Georgian style, identified by its symmetrical look and classical details, was the most prevalent style … An English Colony The first settlers in the region were the Dutch and the Swedish. ExplorePAhistory.com. Some were the most important citizens of the Pennsylvania Colony such as Benjamin Franklin who helped establish the … Penn got a charter for a colony in America, in exchange for canceling the debt. Accessed 6/17/19. Its big cities are packed with Italian, Irish, and even Chinese immigrant communities. Pennsylvania was one of the most democratic colonies that there were and that is responsible because of their diverse nationalities. It was founded under a charter given to William Penn. When the young American colonies began to tire of British taxation they formed the first Continental Congress in Philadelphia in 1774. Before the English took control of the colony in 1667. The Shawnee lived in the interior regions of present-day Pennsylvania. The Quakers never helped the New Englanders during the Indian Wars. There lumbering industry was somewhat big as well due to a large forest running through the state. The Pennsylvania Colony was one of four Middle Colonies which also included the New York Colony, the Delaware Colony, and the New Jersey Colony. Colonial Maps and Culture Maps. Pennsylvania - Pennsylvania - History: At the time of European settlement, the Native American population was small and widely scattered. Accessed 6/17/19. Settlers soon poured into the region from Europe, drawn to it by Penn's attractive terms for land purchases and rentals, as well as the promise of religious toleration and participation in lawmaking. William Penn's Treaty with the Indians | Artist: Benjamin West, 1771, Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, Philadelphia; Benjamin Franklin | Artist: Joseph-SiffrÃ¨de Duplessis, 1907. William Penn died in England in 1718. The land grant was made in exchange for paying of … The state capital of Pennsylvania is Harrisburg.The largest city in Pennsylvania is Philadelphia. The history in cities like Philadelphia is unmatched in the country, with the state overflowing with superlative historic sites and an impressively diverse ethnic population. (rich in cultural life) William Penn founded the Pennsylvania colony and wanted to name it Sylvania, but the King wanted to honor him and named the land Pennsylvania. Founding of the Pennsylvania Colony Dear Abby: Friendship is a casualty of birthday party quarrel Dear Abby: Friendship is a casualty of birthday party quarrel. Markham was to appoint a council and ensure that the Welsh, Swedish, Dutch, and Irish settlers already there, as well as the American Indians, recognized his proprietary authority. Pennsylvania was one of the middle colonies, along with New York, New Jersey, Maryland and Delaware. As early as 1615, the French and Dutch explored some of this land. French explorer Ãtienne BrÃ»lÃ© is believed to have explored the Susquehanna River from the north. Angry over the fraudulent land deal, many of the Shawnee and Delaware migrated to western Pennsylvania and Ohio and became allies of the French, who promised them a chance to battle the British colonists. "1681â1776: The Quaker Province." DID YOU KNOW?Pennsylvania is the only one of the 13 original colonies that does not border the Atlantic Ocean. The colony had a democracy based of the city of Athens government and had excellent arts and sciences. Before European settlement, Pennsylvania was the home of about 15,000 American Indians. Up until the late 1700s, communication between colonial Pennsylvania and other areas was difficult. "Treaties of Fort Stanwix." Pennsylvania - Pennsylvania - History: At the time of European settlement, the Native American population was small and widely scattered. The climate and geography of colonial Pennsylvania was similar to that of the current state of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania is the center of economic growth in the colonies and is the perfect place to start or move a business. Charles II, King of England owed money to Penn’s family. Penn treated the American Indians as equals and scrupulously paid for land received from the local chiefs. Get Started. DID YOU KNOW?Pennsylvania Dutch Country was not named for its settlers of Dutch descent. 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